Bodybuilding Foot & Ankle Injury During Exercise

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Foot & Ankle injury - Injury During Exercise

Sports having elements of running and jumping can most likely trigger foot and ankle injuries among its players.

Foot & ankle injuries have a myriad of variations, the most recognized being ankle sprains, syndemosis sprain, foot stress fractures, navicular stress fracture, 5th metatarsal stress fracture, Achilles injuries, tendon rupture, eccentric strengthening, midfoot sprains, plantar fasciitis, posterior impingement, ankle cartilage injury, and anterior ankle impingement.

Sprained ankle
A sprained ankle is one of the most ubiquitous foot and ankle injury caused by participation in sports.

This injury refers to soft tissue mainly ligaments - damage around the ankle. Such is usually caused by an inversion injury, where the ankle is twisted inwards.

Otherwise, this ankle injury may be classified as an eversion injury, where the ankle is twisted outwards.

Ankle sprains can be classified as first degree, second degree or third degree. The first level of ankle injury involves damage only in a few ligament fibers.

Second-degree ankle sprain means more substantial damage to the ligament. Lastly, a third degree sprain refers to a complete rupture of the ligament, with joint dislocation plausible.

Ankles that have been repeatedly sprained indicate an inherent weakness that may require surgical remedy, particularly by arthroscopy.

The injured must acquiesce to significant ice therapy, compression and elevation among others.

Walking should be avoided if possible as not to put too much weight on the damaged ankle.

When the patient is able to walk on the ankle, more active rehabilitation can commence.In two weeks, rehabilitation may be carried out through active foot & ankle injury exercise, although the physiotherapist may help regain range of movement by carrying out passive mobilizing techniques.

Ankle injury exercises that progressively strengthen the muscles around the ankle may start henceforth, as well as proprioceptive exercises.

Later on, basic plyometric exercises should be incepted. A progressive jogging program is recommended.

At this point, all ankle injury exercises are preceded by a warm up. Since each exercise is a progression, they should be completed at least a day apart.

Metatarsal Fracture (Broken Foot)

The metatarsal bones play a major role in two principle functions of the ankle and foot: propulsion and support. Direct trauma, excessive rotational forces or overuse can cause fractures to the metatarsal bones.

One of the most harrowing foot and ankle injuries is damage at the 5th metatarsal bone, on the outside of the foot. The two common types of fracture to the fifth metatarsal are known as the Jones fracture and Avulsion fracture.

If the fracture is attributed to direct trauma and the fracture fragments are well aligned, then the recommended treatment is immobilization and non-weight bearing for 6 - 8 weeks.

Stress fractures of the base of the fifth metatarsal sometimes show a poor healing capacity, hence the recommendation of surgical procedure.


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